Thursday, February 6, 2020

Domestic violence Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Domestic violence - Research Paper Example Owing to its legality, alcohol is a ubiquitous in many societies around the world and many individuals engage in alcohol consumption. In North America alcohol can be found in liquor stores, neighborhood convenience stores, grocery stores as well as in your local bar. Although alcohol is prevalent and easily accessible, it remains a harmful drug with the potential to kill, ruin lives and destroy families. Accordingly, one of the most insidious aspects of alcohol is that it is so freely available that we forget that it is a harmful drug with important health ramifications as well as a many important social consequences for individuals who choose to over indulge in alcohol. Alcohol-related fatalities remain an important concern across the globe and despite its ubiquitousness, alcohol abuse has been proven to lead to conflict and violence.2 Seeking to address the relationship between alcohol abuse and domestic violence, the following will, discuss alcoholism and provide a broad conceptual framework for our analysis. We then turn to a discussion of the dynamics of different types of alcohol-related conflicts, including the role that alcohol plays in perpetuating conflict with the family unit, with a spouse and with children Following this thorough discussion of the different dynamics and types of conflict caused by alcoholism, we turn to an in-depth discussion of the particular approaches used to deal with conflict. In this section we will explore the use of mediation as a method to deal with alcohol-related conflict. We will discuss groups such as Alcoholic’s Anonymous (â€Å"AA†) and the role that group mediation can play in resolving conflicts which have been brought on by alcohol abuse. We then turn to an analysis of family/group counseling and a discussion of the role of intervention in combating alco hol-related conflicts. With the goal of providing a holistic analysis to a complicated – yet increasingly

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

K to 12 in the Philippines Essay Example for Free

K to 12 in the Philippines Essay The Department of Education’s mission speaks clearly of the provision of a quality basic education that should be accessible to all and one which shall lay the foundation of a lifelong learning and self-actualization needed for citizenship at the local, national and global milieu. This mission can only be realized if indeed our educational system meets the challenge of the new millennium. Currently, educators just realized that our educational system has not been updated as to meeting the global competitiveness. It must be an acceptable fact that we have produced graduates who lack the skills, who cannot be recognized globally, and who do not possess entrepreneurial skills or the basic knowledge for higher education. I personally believe that it is high time that we start changing the educational system of the Philippines through the implementation of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. As a secondary school teacher, I have witnessed personally how our young generation graduates without having themselves equipped totally the basic knowledge they must have developed in the previous curriculum implemented in the schools. According to a survey, it is only the Philippines which has not adopted the 12 years basic education program in the whole of the Asia. This is the very reason why even if we have intelligent and globally competitive graduates, these graduates cannot still be recognized as professionals abroad because they lack the number of years to complete the basic education. Its implementation is actually a bold and a great challenge to curriculum developers and implementers (teachers) in our country. There are several problems that we have to overcome. But with everyone looking at one vision, holding hand in hand towards its successful implementation, lifting up each of our spirits – then the K to 12 implementation will have a successful journey. TERESA E. INDAC MAED-CMUGS

Monday, January 20, 2020

Psychoanalytic Approaches to Personality :: Psychoanalysis Psychology Freud essays

The area of psychology with perhaps the most controversial history, due to it’s complete lacking of empirical evidence, psychoanalysis, has it’s origins in the teachings of Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis is a form of therapy developed by Freud in the early 1900’s, involving intense examinations into one’s childhood, thought to be the origins of most psychopathology which surfaced during adulthood. Ideas about the subconscious, which saw the human mind as being in continuous internal conflict with itself, and theories that all actions are symbolic, for â€Å"there are no accidents†, were also major themes of the psychoanalytic approach. Successful therapy was a long-term and costly process, which most people during that time, with the exception of the wealthy, could not afford. Sigmund Freud’s main contribution to this new field of studying personality was in the area of the understanding the unconscious, an aspect of the mind to which, he claimed, we did not have ready access to, but was the source of our actions and behavior. Freud believed the human mind was divided into three parts: the id, ego, and super-ego. The id is man’s (generic meaning, referring to both sexes) instinctual, primitive, and hedonistic urges for pure pleasure, which the id was bent on experiencing, without regard to any consequences. The super-ego is man’s senses of morality, first brought on by experiences with authoritative figures and parents, which basically hold ideas of what is right and wrong, and is almost a direct paradox to the id. The ego, which can be seen as the mediator between the id and the super-ego, takes into account the activities of the external world, and attempts to invoke some balance among all three parts of the mind, with failure resulting in neurosis of some kind. Freud’s â€Å"Lecture III† provides, what I believe to be another important theory in understanding personality from this perspective, stemming from his notion of parapraxes, or unintentional acts that are actually unconsciously intentional. Such is the case with the familiar â€Å"Freudian slip†, where something is said which is actually a distortion or paradox of what is actually meant. This goes along with what are called symbolic acts, which are actions we take that, although we insist they have no meaning, or were accidental in nature, are actually intentional. For example, the act of forgetting is, according to Freud, a kind of intentional defense mechanism, that we unconsciously use to repress memories, or put things out of our minds. Although much of Freud’s work has been highly criticized by many of his detractors, there are certain aspects of his theories which I find quite important to the study of

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Negative Classroom Behaviors Essay

In the classroom there are many opportunities for disruptions to the flow of learning. When the process of education is disrupted it affects learning outcomes and student progress. Educators and students both play a vital role is how smoothly the class is run. In this paper we will examine common disruptions in the classroom and look at carious ways that these disruptions can be resolved productively and efficiently. Through incorporating different discipline and classroom management styles most interruptions to learning can be avoided and the process of education can continue. Disruptions come in many forms and we will look at a few. We will first look at common disruptions in the classroom caused by students and then take a look at those caused by teachers. Yes teachers can be a disruption to the learning process and as we will see sometimes they cause more disruption than their students. It seems that often in today’s society when we think of the typical public school classroom, images of chaotic behavior, chattering students and paper being thrown quickly come to mind. This behavior, while not uncommon should not be the norm, there is a solution. The first three behaviors that we will address is the seemingly ever-present excessive talking, laughter and general outburst. It seems that no matter how many times the lights are turned off, names of students are written on the board, recess or free time taken away students continue to use their voices out of turn in excess ways, making instruction and learning difficult. Often times when students have an outburst in the class or the talking becomes excessive, teachers sometimes give a general knee-jerk reaction.  They may yell at the student who has been consistently talking to â€Å"be quiet or†¦ then some threat of a punishment is given and the student is quiet for a moment and the behavior is likely to happen again and the process continues. Educator Barbara Coloroso believed that students should be taught how to govern themselves accordingly and that whatever actions took place in the classroom they were not only responsible for them but that they were held accountable for them. Barbara guided educators to understand that an important part of education students was to also teach them inner discipline and self control. (Building Classroom Discipline, 11th edition, 2014) In her book Kids Are Worth It: Giving Your Child the Gift of Inner Discipline, Coloroso outlines key ways in which not only parents but also educators can teach children how to have inner discipline. Coloroso suggest that inner discipline be developed as follows; First students must be shown what they have done wrong, then given ownership of the problem hence making them responsible, following this students are guided on ways to solve the problem when appropriate. Finally Coloroso encourages to educators to ensure that during this entire process the dignity of the student is kept in tact. I imagine that by incorporating this strategy into my classroom management and discipline style my students will gain more self-control and become more aware of the consequences behind their actions. In this way, they will be far more likely to think before they act. Likewise I as a teacher will feel better about the way in which I handle disruptions. With the ability to handle each disruption as a possible teaching moment that encourages students to do better, rather than simply pointing out what they did wrong, students will develop a better sense of trust. Likewise by ensuring that in each situation the student is treated with dignity, students are aware of the respect I have for them and this respect become reciprocal. Two other common disruptions in the classroom are that of students who get out of their seats at inappropriate times and who take a long time to get organized, settle down and get started on their work . This not only disrupts learning for the student who gets up but it causes a distraction for those around. Often there are tedious reasons for why students are not in their seats. When asked why have they gotten up, a student may respond  Ã¢â‚¬Å"I was going to sharpen my pencil.† Likewise when asked why have they not sat down and began the warm up they may reply â€Å"I cannot find my pencil.† Educators Harry and Rosemary Wong created a classroom management and discipline theory that creates a way to eliminate many classroom disruptions. The Wong’s theory suggest, that beginning with the first day of class, students be taught that not only the classroom but that the entire school was a place for successful learning. This theory had to be accepted school wide in order to work effectively. In order to achieve that success teachers, students and administrators and support staff, must do their part. The Wong’s suggest that the biggest hindrance to learning is not the behavior of the students but the ineffective manner in which teachers disseminate information regarding the roles, rules, procedures and expectations in the classroom. (Building Classroom Discipline, 11th edition, 2014) Upon introduction to the class, teachers are encouraged to two things. First teachers must go over the roles, expectations and responsibilities of both teacher and student (Building Classroom Discipline, 11th edition, 2014). This is done over a period of several days and may continue through reinforcement throughout the first portion of the school year. In this way students not only understand where they fit in the classroom but they also know how everyone else fits as well. In my own classroom I can visualize my students on their first day. Part of my classroom management style will be to ensure that there is a procedure set in place for most of the foreseeable situations in the classroom. One thing that I will make certain to do, is to make the procedures detailed yet simple to understand and follow. In this way my students will be clear on what to do and when. For example, the student who has wasted ten five minutes of the 15 minute warm up time, will know in the beginning of the school year that sitting down and getting started on the warm-up up within the first three minutes of class is mandatory. If you are not prepared and do not have all of your materials, there are always extras that can be checked out from me and then returned at the end of class. Simple procedures like this will eliminate small disruptions and keep the learning process flowing. The next two disruptions are those students who lack respect for teachers and fellow  classmates along with horseplay in the classroom. Teachers must establish and demand respect in the beginning of the class. Students must know not only what is expected of them, but also what happens when they fall short of those expectations. Educator Craig Seganti teaches teachers how to take charge in the classroom. Taking the Seganti approach in my class will dictate that my students know that I am the authority in the classroom. Establishing this authority by setting the rules along with the consequences of breaking them, and enforcing them from day one will put me in control from the outset. When students see that there is no wavering in the rules, they will take what you are saying seriously. Establishing that the classroom is a place of learning and that anything that disrupts that will have consequences will if not completely eliminate, will certainly minimize disruptions. When teachers and students are disrespected in the classroom it would be good to incorporate civility in the classroom. P.M. Forni was best known for teaching students how to behave civil and with respect n the classroom. By encouraging students to conduct themselves in a way that reflects the â€Å"Golden Rule† students will be far less likely to tease and disrespect their teacher and classmates. (Building Classroom Discipline, 11th edition, 2014). Using these two strategies in the classroom will be of great value in the way the classroom is managed. Finally I want to take a look at three behaviors that are exhibited by teachers that cause disruptions in the classroom and halt the learning process. Disorganization, nagging and the inability to leave whatever you have going on at home, at home can cause the classroom environment to feel unsafe and chaotic (Building Classroom Discipline, 11th edition, 2014). Using a combination of strategies from authorities on classroom management can help with these hindrances to education. First knowing what you want your classroom to look and feel like I a huge help in getting and staying organized. Often times teachers become disorganized because they have lost control of the classroom. By establishing your authority in the classroom as suggested by Seganti, you are less likely to lose control and if this does happen it should be easier to regain. Constant nagging of students over trivial matters of work habits or behavior are not helpful. In the long run you are not taken seriously. Students must know how to behave in the classroom. Ensuring as suggested by Wong that students are crystal  clear on expectations and procedures, teachers will spend much less time nagging and more time teaching. Lastly when teachers are unable to leave their home life separate from their classroom the results can disrupt and devastate a classroom. Teachers must before anything else, know their role. As a teacher you are there to provide a safe learning environment for your students. When your personal life interferes with that, learning outcomes and student-teacher relationships are compromised. In my classroom I imagine that by establishing an initial foundation of authority based on my acknowledgement of my role as teacher and educator, I will be able to create safe, fun and effective learning environment. By creating my classroom management style, revisiting it when necessary and setting up rules and procedures from day one, I will have the freedom to teach without disruptions and my students will be able to achieve all of the learning outcomes that have been set for them. Reference Page 1. C. M. Charles Building Classroom Discipline, Eleventh Edition, 2014

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Media Surrounding Us Is The Most Influential Piece Of...

The media surrounding us is the most influential piece of propaganda we have to relay our thoughts, ideas, beliefs, and opinions. Whether through television, social media, commercials and interactive games, we are exposed to media with almost every moment we spend awake. According to the University of Southern California’s Marshall School of Business, the average amount of time we spend soaking up is approximately 15 and a half hours. Considering both the negative and positive connotations attached to this, we seemingly choose to burrow ourselves into either the constant cacophony or euphony of our superegos or id. In Angeline Price’s essay, â€Å"Working Class Whites,† she crowns the term â€Å"superego† onto the scrupulous principles we try to follow, and â€Å"id† onto our uncensored, raw ideas. According to Michael Omi, despite what path of media we direct our attention to, there is a nearly constant stream of â€Å"inferential† racism th at follows (Omi 540). No matter where we go, or what sources we choose to participate and believe in, there is undoubtedly an underlying current of an â€Å"ism†. Stereotypes and generalised perceptions are unintentional consequences of sharing information, most commonly through the internet. When I began reading the introduction to â€Å"In Living Colour: Race and American Culture,† I found the preponderance of Omi’s standpoints to be akin to my own, thus stirring feelings of anger towards the predicament persons of colour face. Caucasian AmericansShow MoreRelatedThe Identity And Street Art5052 Words   |  21 Pagesactivism, and awareness all while being an integrated part of a city. Social media is one of the most important tools to connect people in our lives, especially in today’s youth culture. Our group is interested in investigating the relationship between identity and media. We are approaching this question in three main ways: street art, gentrification, and social media posts. One of the main points of both social media and street art is broadcasting a message to a larger audience. We want toRead MorePropaganda by Edward L Bernays34079 Words   |  137 PagesPROPAGANDA By EDWARD L. BERNAYS 1928 CONTENTS I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. ORGANIZING CHAOS .................................................. THE NEW PROPAGANDA ............................................ THE NEW PROPAGANDISTS .... 9 19 32 47 62 THE PSYCHOLOGY OF PUBLIC RELATIONS BUSINESS AND THE PUBLIC .... PROPAGANDA AND POLITICAL LEADERSHIP 92 WOMENS ACTIVITIES AND PROPAGANDA . . . 115 121 135 141 150 PROPAGANDA FOR EDUCATION PROPAGANDA IN SOCIAL SERVICERead MoreThe Struggle For Civil Rights During The Twentieth Century2664 Words   |  11 Pages Thurgood Marshall, and certainly Martin Luther King, Jr. traveled far in the, predominately, South and their ideas and advocates for equality appeared in headlines, journals, and articles in what seems like in an uncountable number. However, the media did fail to mention the numerous key players that contributed greatly in these social reforms; the women. Although Rosa Parks has been iconized as the woman who refused to give up her seat to a white male, who else, as a female, has been given theRead MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words   |  99 Pages GP NOTES 2010 (ESSAY) Content Page 1. Media a. New vs. Traditional b. New: narcissistic? c. Government Censorship d. Profit-driven Media e. Advertising f. Private life of public figures g. Celebrity as a role model h. Blame media for our problems i. Power + Responsibility of Media j. Media ethics k. New Media and Democracy 2. Science/Tech a. Science and Ethics b. Government and scientist role in science c. Rely too much on technology? d. Nuclear technologyRead MoreEssay about Summary of History of Graphic Design by Meggs14945 Words   |  60 Pagesalphabet may have been an act of geography. - The oldest known examples of the Early or Old Hebrew alphabet date from around 1000BC. - The design of Arabic letters changes with the position within a word. - After the Latin alphabet, Arabic is the most widely used alphabet today. - The Aramaic alphabet is believed to be the predecessor of the scripts used in India. - The Greeks adopted the left-to-right reading pattern we use today. - In 500BC, Democracy was adopted in Greece. Visual communications Read Moretfw natty gyno Essay4016 Words   |  17 Pagesï » ¿nonoIN THE CONTEXT OF THE PERIOD 1905-2005, HOW FAR DO YOU AGREE THAT STALIN WAS THE MOST SUCCESSFUL LEADER OF RUSSIA At first, it seems unlikely that Stalin was the most successful leader of Russia in the whole of the 100 years. In order to perceive success, it is necessary to consider how the leaders were able to maintain themselves in power, their popularity, their contribution towards economic success, concern for the welfare of the people and whether the gains, indeed out weight the costsRead MoreEssay on Georg Lukacs, quot;the Ideology of Modernismquot;7555 Words   |  31 Pagesmeaning any longer, modernists insist that there is no meaning anywhere, and people who believe in meaning are just old-fashioned. Realism, by contrast, grounds literature in human social and political and economic realities. Realistic fiction shows us the way things really are. There is an interesting irony in this project: realism was the literary movement of nineteenth- century capitalism, and modernism was the literary movement of twentieth-century capitalism. In order to champion realism,Read MoreBuilding Social Business8301 Words   |  34 Pagesfirst defined by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Prof. Muhammad Yunus and is described in his books Creating a world without poverty—Social Business and the future of capitalism and Building Social Business—The new kind of capitalism that serves humanitys most pressing needs. In these books, Yunus defined a Social Business a business: * Created and designed to address a social problem * A non-loss, non-dividend company, i.e. 1. It is financially self-sustainable and 2. Profits realized byRead MoreHollywood History5698 Words   |  23 PagesHollywood is a town like any other, fighting against crime, poverty, sleaze, Hollywood’s real location being in the mind of movie lovers. Today Hollywood is the symbol of the Dream Factory and the world’s first movie industry, the center of all kinds of media production, from film, to the internet and television. I tried to present the history of the Hollywood’s movie industry, gradually following its evolution, beginning with the first human evidence in this area (the Gabrielino Indians) in 1800, theRead MoreHumanities11870 Words   |  48 Pagesbeautiful is a fluid concept. Each generation of artists explores new frontiers and ads to the existing pool of artistic language. For example, if you were to ask someone from the Renaissance period to appraise Picassos paintings, Picassos works would most likely be too different from their current understanding of artistic norms for them to fully comprehend and appreciate. Furthermore, new forms and concepts of art have almost never been invented on their own, but rather have evolved from ideas based

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Remembrance Of A Grandmother - 1446 Words

In Remembrance OF A Grandmother Grandparents are the best of friend and gentle person you will ever meet. They love and care about their granddaughters very much. Children enjoy spending time with their grandparents because they are full of stories and always seem to have candy or cookie with them. Children are always excited about their grandparents visitation especially on holidays and birthdays. They hoped that one day they will see their granddaughters grow up and change the world. In the long run, their life turned upside down, and they never get to see that day comes to pass. One day they are here and then they are gone, leaving you behind wondering what you could have done to keep them longer. First of all, my great-grandmother Akosua, was not just an ordinary woman. She was talented, adventurous, friendly and joyful person you will ever meet. When grandmother Akosua was younger, she traveled around the world, serving her famous cuisine to workers in isolated places. There w ere any cars during those day so she walked by foot crossing boarder to boarder entering into other lands. She would take two week trip to the other native land and sell food to the people who were living or working there. Sometimes when her food is finished, she would stay longer, and cook for them. She was always trying new things and going beyond her limit. She got the kindness of heart that loves giving and helping people anyway she could. When people come to her in the market where sheShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Poem The Crucible Ladies And Gentlemen Of The Byron Bay 1206 Words   |  5 Pagescurious about the circle of life, for billions of years’ poets have been writing pieces about the reaper, dating back to the 20th century, when poetry really began to make its mark. As an avid poetry lover, I wholeheartedly believe that the poem,‘Remembrance’ by Emily Bronte and its complimenting song, ‘Helena’ by My Chemical Romance should be read aloud at the Byron Bay Poetry Festival, as they both touch on such a relevant subject that has been so curiously pondered by both the young and old sinceRead MoreThe Death of my grandmother a life experience that changed my Identity1675 Words   |  7 PagesThe Death of my grandmother a life experience that changed my Identity My sense of independence was shattered when my grandmother departed from this world. I lost my grandmother and this experience shattered my perspective of life. Losing a loved one was like having a wisdom tooth pulled without any Novocain. In spite of this painful occurrence happening to me at twenty-four years of age, emotions such as shock, anger, and guilt, came into play creating chaos. I rerun her death in my mind, yetRead MoreInterpretive Conflict in Oral Narrative Research761 Words   |  3 Pagesgrandmothers remembrances forty-two years after a day at the harness races that was shared with Borland in a narrative that was, according to Borland, highly structured and thoroughly entertaining (Borland, 1998, p. 320). Borland, a folklorist, fascinated with the details that her grandmother had provided, saw the intergenerational transmission of a personal narrative as an opportunity to give scholarly / feminist interpretative to her grandmothers narrative. However, when her grandmother read theRead MoreRelationships in Long Distance by Tony Harrison and My Grandmother by Elizabeth Jennings769 Words   |  4 PagesDistance by Tony Harrison and My Grandmother by Elizabeth Jennings The two poems that I wish to compare are both about relationships, Long distance by Tony Harrison and My grandmother by Elizabeth Jennings. Both are about family and grief which they explore through the theme of death. The speaker of the poems talks about the loss of a relationship that had once existed. Long distance has a much closer relationship theme than My grandmother. Long distance focuses on Read MoreGabriel Garcia Marquez Literary Analysis1489 Words   |  6 Pageshim to achieve fame. His grandmother Tranquilina Iguaran is the inspiration and the source of Gabriel Garcias style of writing. Throughout all his novels Gabriel Garcia Marquez develops a unique style of writing in which he converts the magical and fantastic elements into fiction. This style of writing is what many writers and the real academy of the language calls magical realism. However, this unique style of writing that Gabriel develops is inherited from her grandmother, who, likes colonel MarquezRead MoreDeath Is A Part Of Existence1020 Words   |  5 Pageshopes for her recovery. I begged and pleaded with my mom, to just let me see her once, but my mother wanted to go alone. Instead of quarrelling, I gave her a homemade â€Å"Get Well.† card I had made; little did I know that would be the last thing my grandmother would see of mine. My mom had come back that very night with ghastly news. We’d baked cookies that day, and my siblings and I had patiently waited for the update on our gr andmother’s condition, we had been blindly optimistic. After she greeted usRead MoreThe Schutz Marke Wall Clock1338 Words   |  6 Pagesin transition to family heirloom. The Schutz Marke Wall Clock is a unique blend of art and furniture and is characteristic of the German craftsmanship of the 19th century and stopped production after 1932. Ironically, Louise Pearson (my great-grandmother) purchased this clock in 1932. The picturesque style of this brand of clocks makes it a centerpiece in the home, as many have them hanging in their home to this day. â€Å"Regulator clocks, sometimes referred to as pendulum clocks, were invented inRead MoreEssay on History and Memory882 Words   |  4 PagesGate 42 Analysis Throughout gate 42, Mark Baker combines both assumed history and a plethora of evocative language techniques to recreate the death of his grandmother, Hinda. From such a technique, one can infer that when history and memory combine, the interplay allows a heightened understanding and perceptive insight into events of the past; specifically the Holocaust. Such a theory becomes evident within the opening of Gate 42, as Baker uses the repetitive symbol of a Jewish poem to draw theRead MoreAn Analysis Of PoBoy Blues By Langston Hughes768 Words   |  4 Pagesseeking to find a life less confrontational to a black man, leaving Langston Hughes to face being raised by his grandmother in the very same hostile environment his father sought to escape. His mother betrayed him as she never embraced him with a mother’s love not only once leaving him as a young child, but twice when he came to live with her after his grandmother died. His grandmother immersed Langston in his family’s dark history, sometimes laying the â€Å"bullet ridden shawl† on him from where hisRead More House Made Of Dawn Essay1056 Words   |  5 Pagesfundamental meaning of each word that is lacks the imagery of the Native American word. It is like listening to a contract being read aloud. Momaday clearly shows how the Native American word speaks beyond its sound through Tosamah speaking of his Grandmother. Tosamah says, amp;quot;You see, for her words were medicine; they were magic and invisible. They came from nothing into sound and meaning. They were beyond price; they could neither be bought nor sold. And she never threw words away.amp;quot;

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Organizational Culture Essay - 1861 Words

Three general types of organizational culture—constructive, passive-defensive, aggressive-defensive: The organizational cultural inventory measures 12 sets of normative beliefs or shared behavioral expectations associated with three general types of cultures, Constructive, Passive-Defensive, and Aggressive-Defensive. Constructive cultures—in which members are encouraged to interact with others and approach tasks in ways that will help them meet their higher-order satisfaction needs, are characterized by Achievement, Self-actualizing, Humanistic-Encouraging, and Affiliative norms. Constructive styles strongly associated with satisfaction and low stress (Cooke Szumal, 1993). ï  µ Achievement: pursuing a standard of excellence. ï  µÃ¢â‚¬ ¦show more content†¦On the other hand, in systems concerned with fostering social cohesiveness, equality tends to be the dominant distributive value where equality of outcomes emphasizes members’ common fate, and promotes solidarity and social cohesion. The different ways in which organizations seek to resolve this distributive dilemma have been described in terms of a typological theory of organizations. The more unequal or centralized the power structure is in an organization, the more equity values (or an equity orientation) predominate, and the more resources and rewards will tend to be differentially (i.e. unequally) allocated. This means inequality and consequent threats to social cohesion or integration become problematic. On the other hand in organizations with decentralized or democratic power structures, an egalitarian orientation and more equal allocations will tend to predominate. Economic inefficiency and inequity emerge as problems. While organizations’ power structures give them an underlying orientation towards distributive equality or equity, organizational processes then either reinforce or compensate for this orientation. Thus an organization with an egalitarian orientation can haveShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Culture And Organizational Culture1647 Words   |  7 PagesThe importance of culture in the organization The organization culture as a leadership concept has been identified as one of the many components that leaders can use to grow a dynamic organization. Leadership in organizations starts the culture formation process by imposing their assumptions and expectations on their followers. Once culture is established and accepted, they become a strong leadership tool to communicate the leader s beliefs and values to organizational members, and especially newRead MoreOrganizational Culture Essay731 Words   |  3 Pages Edgar Schein, a famous theorists dealing with organizational culture, provides the following definition for the term: A pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group learned as it solved its problems that has worked well enough to be considered valid and is passed on to new members as the correct way to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems. (organizationalculture101) However, organizational culture is more than sharing assumptions used by a grou p to solve problems;Read MoreOrganizational Culture Essay1236 Words   |  5 PagesOrganizational culture Culture is something that encompasses all of us. It helps us to understand how things are created, acknowledged, developed and managed. In this context, culture helps to define and understand an organisation and how it works and manages. Organizational culture is a shared value system derived over time that guides members as they solve problems, adapts to the external environment, and manage relationship (Schein in Wooten and Crane 2003, Vol. 21(6), p.276). OrganisationalRead More Organizational Culture of Alibaba 1463 Words   |  6 Pagesestablished a strong company organizational culture based on a shared mission, vision and value system as the cornerstone of the company and its subsidiaries. They respect the spirit of entrepreneurship, innovation, and focus on meeting the needs of their customers. According to the founder, Jack Ma (August,2013), Alibaba’s organizational culture can be summarized with four simple words: openness, transparency, sharing, and responsibility.It is thank to the organizational culture, Alibaba has launched aRead MoreOrganisational Culture And Organizational Culture1730 Words   |  7 PagesOrganisational culture refers to ‘the shared beliefs and values guiding the thinkin g and behavioural styles of members’ (Cooke and Rousseau, 1988, in Bratton 2010: 334), indicating that employees who accept the common values of an organisation and put great effort on commitments are likely to build up a strong culture to an organisation. Edgar Schein (2004) proposed three levels of organisational culture. As employees go through changes, they gain experiences from the past, adapt to a new environmentRead MoreOrganizational Culture Essay1812 Words   |  8 PagesOrganizational Culture Organizations have personalities like individuals and like individuals, they have enduring and stable traits that help us predict their attitudes and behaviors. An organization’s culture may be hard to define but it has a major impact on the behavior of individuals in the organization. To understand one’s behavior in an organizational culture it helps to understand the dominant culture in an organization and to figure out how individuals come to learn that culture and howRead MoreThe Term Organizational Culture Essay2100 Words   |  9 PagesIntroduction A look at simply a couple of works that utilization the term organizational culture will uncover huge variety in the meaning of this term and much all the more in the utilization of the term society has no altered or extensively importance even in human sciences, however variety in its utilization is particularly discernible in the writing on hierarchical society. This is mostly identified with solid contrast in the reason and profundity of books and articles. Be that as it may, likewiseRead MoreThe Organizational Culture of Quinlans3389 Words   |  14 PagesThe Organizational Culture of Quinlans Introduction Quinlan has been UK’s foremost retail giant for a long period of time. By end of 1998 there was evidence of a crisis and since then the company has been on a decline. The company has been ignoring market changes and trying to maintain its corporate image and identity. This has caused the customers to drift to more fashionable brands causing huge loss of business to Quinlan. Presently the company is on a restructuringRead MoreDefining Organizational Culture : An Organization2382 Words   |  10 PagesDefining Organizational Culture With numerous meanings given to organizational culture, scholars claim that the field is grounded in the shared assumptions, attitudes, and behaviors accepted and enacted by employees within an organization, which affect its performance and overall welfare (Belias Koustelios, 2014). Another widespread definition of organizational communication often used by organizational scholars states that: â€Å"Organizational culture is the pattern of basic assumptions that a groupRead MoreQuestions On Organizational Culture And Leadership914 Words   |  4 PagesSchein, E (1992). Organizational Culture and Leadership. 2nd ed., San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Edgar Schein outlines those characteristics in better understanding and assessing the culture and climate of an organization. A lot energy and emphasis is focused on the identification and application of an organization’s guiding principles. Schein suggests that our guiding values and principles are important, but it is in the organizations structure, culture, action that describes the true character